Fundamentally we all depend on nature; and ecosystems provide us with the opportunity to describe, understand, and fit in with nature. Food, water, timber, and genetic resources; regulating services such as the climate, floods, diseases, and water quality; cultural services such as recreation, aesthetic enjoyment, and spiritual fulfillment are some of the goods and services provided by ecosystems. Due to increased development activities and greater consumption of natural resources, ecosystems are under pressures than ever before. Although the benefits and services provided by ecosystems are owned by everyone, none protects the ecosystems. Unbalanced human activities often affect ecosystems negatively; as a result, the environment is damaged, and humans have created limits for life on Earth for many species by widening the gap between people and nature. The health of ecosystems is being undermined by changes in land-use, pollution, habitat loss, climate change and poor land management practices, which lead to deteriorating soil quality, loss of biodiversity, and deforestation. As the significance of ecosystem conservation and management is not being recognized adequately, or being uniformly defined or consistently applied, it is not very far for people to realize that resourcism has prevented us from saving the ecosystems and our ecological knowledge. Hence, ecosystem conservation and management are the response to the expanding biodiversity crisis, and to uplift the action that promises a healthy future for the entire biotic components.